It is the capital and the largest city of Kerala. The city is ranked among the best cities to live in India. The city is also ranked as the best governed city in India. Trivandrum was the anglicised name of the town so the government decided to reinstate the city’s original name Thiruvananthapuram.
The city has historically been a cultural hub in South India due to the active interest of the rulers of erstwhile Travancore in the development of arts, architecture and liberal customs.
Apart from the temple, the city’s architecture is championed by the Thiruvananthapuram Museum and Thiruvananthapuram Zoo, one of the oldest zoo’s in India. Other architecture landmarks include Attukal temple, Beemapally Mosque, Connemara Market, Kowdiar Palace and the Palayam CSI Church. Thiruvananthapuram was the main centre of Laurie Baker’s architecture.
Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the city. Very few people speak Hindi. English is widely spkoen among the people too.
The city has a climate that borders between a tropical savanna climate and a tropical monsoon climate. As a result, it does not experience distinct seasons. The mean maximum temperature 34 °C and the mean minimum temperature is 21 °C. The humidity is high and rises to about 90% during the monsoon season.
The dry season sets in by December. December, January and February are the coolest months while March, April and May are the hottest. The lowest temperature in the city core recorded during winter was 16.4 °C on, and the highest temperature recorded in summer is 38.0 °C.