It is the chief port city of Karnataka. Mangalore is the largest city and administrative headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada district, and is one of the most multicultural non-metro cities of India.
According to 2011 Census of India, 84% of the population are Hindu, 12.9% are Muslim, 1.9% are Christian, 0.7% are Jains, 0.2% are Buddhist, <0.1% are Sikhs, and remaining belong to other religions.
Kannada played a crucial role in the creation of Karnataka: linguistic demographics played a major role in defining the new state in 1956. Tulu, Konkani and Kodava are other minor native languages that share a long history in the state. Urdu is spoken widely by the Muslim population.
The driest and least humid months are from December to February. During this period, temperatures during the day stay below 34 °C (93 °F) and drop to about 19 °C (66 °F) at night.
The highest ever recorded temperature in Mangalore is 38.1 °C (101 °F) on March 13, 1985. The summer gives way to the monsoon season, when the city experiences the highest precipitation among all urban centres in India, due to the influence of the Western Ghats. The rains subside in September, with the occasional rainfall in October.
The highest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period is 330.8 millimetres (13 in) on 22 June 2003. In the year 1994, Mangalore received very heavy annual rainfall of 5,018.52 millimetres (198 in).