About Thiruvananthapuram – Messyduniya

About Thiruvananthapuram

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Temples & eligious Places

1. Pazhavangadi Ganapathy Temple
The main Deity of the temple is Sri Mahaganapathy (Ganesha). The main idol is installed in a seated posture with the right leg in a folded stance. The temple is situated in close proximity to the Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple.

Other Deities worshiped at the temple include Dharmasasta, Goddess Durga and Nagaraja. The temple sculptures include 32 different forms of Lord Ganesha.

2. Pazhaya Sreekanteswaram Temple
This temple existed even in the 9th century AD. This temple is the original abode of the Lord of new Sreekanteswaram Mahadeva Temple. The new temple is situated just outside the “North Fort” in Thiruvananthapuram. As noted by Dr. M. G. Sasibhooshan, the old temple was on the route taken by the King of Travancore and his retinue in connection with the Pallivetta of the Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple.

3. Padmanabhaswamy Temple
The principal deity Vishnu is enshrined in the “Anantha Shayanam” posture, the eternal yogic sleep on the serpent Adisheshan. Sree Padmanabhaswamy is the tutelary deity of the royal family of Travancore.
The titular Maharaja of Travancore Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma is the trustee of the temple. In line with the Temple Entry Proclamation, only those who profess the Hindu faith are permitted entry to the temple and devotees have to strictly follow the dress code. The name of the city of Thiruvananthapuram in Malayalam translates to “The City of Lord Ananta”, referring to the deity of Padmanabhaswamy Temple.

4. Vellayani Devi Temple
The temple enshrines Goddess Bhadrakali as the presiding deity. The idol stands for Goddess Bhadrakali, the daughter of Lord Shiva. Goddess Kali is situated toward the north (vadakke nada). The idol is known in the local Malayalam language as Thirumudi. The idol of the Goddess in the Vellayani temple is one of the largest among the idols of Kerala Kali temples. The idol is four and a half feet in height as well as width. Pure gold and precious stones decorate the frontal view of the idol.

5. Irumkulangara Durga Devi Temple
The abode of Sree Irumkulangara Durga Bhagavathi is one of the most ancient temples in Kerala. The temple is located on the bank of two ponds from where it got its name: “irum” means two and “kulam” means pond.
It is believed that the temple has a relationship with the famous Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple, one of the famous temples in Thiruvananthapuram. In ancient times, priests from Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple are believed to arrive at Irumkulangara by country boats for performing pooja and rituals.


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Crops

Cash Crops like coconut, rubber, tea, coffee, pepper, cardamom, areca nut, ginger, nutmeg, cinnamon etc. and food crops paddy tapioca etc. gives the agricultural sector of Kerala a distinct flavour. The agro climatic conditions in Kerala suite the cultivation of a variety of seasonal and perennial crops

Offices & Industries

The economy of the city is mainly based on the tertiary sector. Thiruvananthapuram was listed as one of the top 10 cities in India on Vibrancy and Consumption Index by a study conducted by global financial services firm Morgan Stanley.

The city is a major exporter of software with over 250 companies employing more than 40,000 professionals.

It contributes nearly 80% of the state’s software exports. Tourism also contributes to the economy of Thiruvananthapuram. There are around 20 government owned and 60 privately owned medium and large-scale industrial units such as Infosys, UST Global, TCS, Oracle, SunTec in Thiruvananthapuram. There are also about 30,000 small scale industrial units employing around 115,000 people. Traditional industries include handloom and coir. The Technopark is the largest Information Technology park in Asia in terms of area. Technopark is also the largest employment base campus in Kerala.


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Schools

Schools-
1. St. Joseph’s Higher Secondary School
Address: Palayam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695001
Phone: 0471 247 1720

2. St. Thomas Residential School
Address: Marthoma Church Educational Society,

Mukkolakkal, St. Thomas Nagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695044 


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Colleges

 

Colleges-
1. University of Kerala
Address: Senate House Campus, Palayam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695034
Phone: 0471 230 5994

2. APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University
Address: Alathara Road, CET Campus, Ambady Nagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695016

3. Government Medical College
Address: Ulloor Road, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695011
Phone: 0471 252 8300

4. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology
Address: Valiamala Road, Valiamala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695547

5. Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management
Address: IIITMK Building, P.O. Karyavattom, Kazhakoottam, Technopark Campus, Kazhakkoottam, Kerala 695581
Phone: 0471 252 7567


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Festivals

1. Attukal Pongala
Attukal Pongala is the largest annual gathering of women in the world for a religious purpose. Women devotees take over footpaths, courtyards and empty spaces within an eight-km radius of the temple on Pongala day.

2. Onam
The weeklong celebration comes to an end with a massive cultural procession from Kowdiar palace to East Fort. Around 100 floats participate every year along with beautifully caparisoned elephants and traditional art forms. It’s one thing you don’t want to miss.

3. Vetta and Arattu
This festival is celebrated twice in a year, once in Oct.-Nov and other in March-April. Vetta represents Lord Vishnu hunting down the demon of evil in the forest. The next day afternoon the Arattu procession begins. Images of Lord Padmanabha, Lord Krishna and Lord Narasimha are carried to the Arabian Sea at Sangumugham beach escorted by the members of the Royal Family.

4. Nishagandhi Dance Festival
The Tourism Development Corporation organises the dance festival. Leading artists of Bharatanatyam, Mohiniyattam, Kathak, Odissi, Modern ballet and other folk form will perform at the open-air theatre of Nishagandhi in the Kanakakunnu Palace compound. Admission is free and the festival usually is accompanied with music.

5. Christmas
Christmas is the other festival of this part of the country and Trivandrum wears a colorful look during this time of the year.


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Places Around

1. Napier Museum
The Napier Museum is an art and natural history museum. The museum houses a rare collection of archaeological and historic artefacts, bronze idols, ancient ornaments, a temple chariot and ivory carvings.

It also contains the Sree Chitra Art Gallery, which contains works from Raja Ravi Varma and Nicholas Roerich, as well as examples of Mughal and Tanjore art.

2. Thiruvananthapuram Zoo
Thiruvananthapuram Zoo is one of the oldest of its kind in India. Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma, who ruled Travancore between 1830 and 1847, established a menagerie where royal tigers, panthers, cheetahs, deer, boar, and other wild animals were kept. His brother Uthram Thirunal and British Resident William Cullen formally establish the zoo in 1857 as an annex to the Napier Museum.

3. Kanakakkunnu Palace
Today the palace and its sprawling grounds are the venue for many cultural meets and programmes. An all India Dance Festival (October to March) is organised by the Department of Tourism every year. During this period the classical Indian Dance performances are conducted every day. There are several tourists streaming from many foreign countries every year.

4. Kerala Science and Technology Museum
Kerala Science and Technology Museum is an autonomous institution established by Government of Kerala, India, in 1984 as a center for popularisation of science and scientific temper among the general public, especially among the young generation.

5. Keralam – Museum of History and Heritage
It is an interactive museum tracing Kerala history & culture, from the Neolithic age to the present day.


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Transportation
Rail

There are two major railway stations in the city namely, the Thiruvananthapuram Central at the city center and Kochuveli at near to sea cost.

Other smaller railway stations in the city are Pettah, Nemom, veli & Kazhakuttom railway stations.

Thiruvananthapuram Central is the major railway station serving the city. It falls under the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways and is the headquarter of the Thiruvananthapuram Railway Division.

Air

Thiruvananthapuram is served by the Thiruvananthapuram International Airport. The airport is just 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) from the city centre. Being one of the gateways to the state, it has direct connectivity to all the major cities in India as well as Middle East, Malaysia, Singapore, Maldives and Sri Lanka. It also has the headquarters of the Southern Air Command (SAC) of the Indian Air Force.

Major Roads

The NH 66 and NH 544 (old NH 47) connects the city with Salem and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu. The Main Central Road is an arterial road in the city and is designated as State Highway


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Facts

1. The name comes from the Malayalam word thiru-anantha-puram, meaning the City of Lord Ananta, which comes from Anantha or the serpent Shesha of Vishnu.
2. One of the main tourist attractions is the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple, which is believed to have artifacts worth over $20B USD, the richest temple worldwide.

3. The economy of Thiruvananthapuram is growing from an IT or software boom since the Technopark was built in 1995 and was recently ranked the 4th hottest IT destination in India. It includes almost 300 businesses that employ 40,000 professionals.
4. Vishnu is the presiding deity of the Padmanabhaswamy temple and is also the ‘ruler’ of Travancore. He was ‘crowned’ as the Emperor of Travancore in the 18th century and members of the royal family rule as regents on his behalf. Which is also why the royal crown of Travancore has been preserved inside the temple.
5. Celebrated once every six years in January, the laksha deepam festival is the biggest festival of the Padmanabhaswamy temple. The festival gets its name from the lighting of a hundred thousand (one lakh or laksha) lamps inside the temple and its premises. Held on the day of Makar Sankranti, the festival marks the end of 12 Bhadradeepams, a seven-day ritual that is held twice every year.

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Important Contacts Nos.

Police Control Room- 100
Fire Brigade- 101
Ambulance- 102

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