About Mangalore – Messyduniya

About Mangalore

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Temples & Religious Places

1. Kadri Manjunath Temple
The idol of Lord Manjunathaswamy of the temple is called as oldest of the South Indian temples.

This temple has Hindu and Buddhist histories. Buddhism was practised here till the 10th century AD.

But after the decline of Buddhism, the devotion of Manjusri and Avalokiteśvara continued in this region. The Nath cult was embraced towards Buddhism and continued Tantric Shiva tradition as well. As a result, many Buddhist temples came into the Hindu vortex. According to M. Govinda Pai this temple was known as Kadri Manjunatha where is Manjunatha relates to Shiva and Kadri is derived from Kadri Vihara which was Buddhist monastery of Vajrayana cult.

2. Mangaladevi Temple
The temple is built in Kerala style architecture, which is common in all temples in the South Indian state of Kerala and Western Ghats, with most of its structure made of wood. The presiding deity, Mangaladevi in the central shrine is in a seated posture. There are shrines around the sanctum for other deities.

3. Shree Vishnumurthy Temple
It is an ancient Vishnu shrine which has a statue estimated to be about 600 years old. The temple’s presiding deity is Shree Vishnumurthy who is another form of Lord Vishnu.
Initially no temple complex was evident but Venkatramana Hebbar, a local archeologist and historian, found a small shrine in a state of ruin in the forest around 1911. The temple has been repeatedly renovated and is in use today with an active schedule of worship and festival celebrations.

4. Gokarnanatheshwara Temple
The Gokarnanatheshwara Temple, otherwise known as Kudroli Sri Gokarnanatha Kshetra, is in the Kudroli area of Mangalore in Karnataka, India. It was consecrated by Narayana Guru. It is dedicated to Gokarnanatha, a form of Lord Shiva. This temple was built in 1912 by Adhyaksha Hoige Koragappa.

The temple has Gopuram (tower like structure) decorated with murals of various gods and goddesses. Murals depict scenes from Hindu epics and legends.

5. Kudroli Bhagavathi
The temple is more than thousand years old. The four renovated temple complexes were built by Karnataka and Kerala artisans using black granite and wood carvings. Ancient single stone multistage granite carvings known as “Veerastambha” can be found in the temple. The famous “Shri Narayana Guru” statue is carved in white marble and situated in the entrance. The presiding deity of the Kudroli Bhagavathi Temple is “Shri Cheerumbha Bhagavathi”.


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Crops

Rice is a major food crop and staple food of the State contributing about 77 per cent of the food grain production. Other important crops are jowar, bajra, maize, ragi, small millets, pulses, castor, tobacco, cotton and sugarcane.

Offices & Industries

Mangalore’s economy comprises industrial, commercial, agricultural processing and port-related activities. The New Mangalore Port is India’s eighth largest port, in terms of cargo handling. It handles 75 per cent of India’s coffee exports and the bulk of its cashew nuts.
Major information technology (IT) and outsourcing companies like Infosys, Cognizant Technology Solutions and Endurance International Group have their branches at Mangalore.

Mphasis BPO has one of its branches at Mangalore. Two I.T. parks, namely, (Export Promotion Industrial park (EPIP) at Ganjimutt and Special Economic Zone (SEZ) near Mangalore University) have been constructed. There is an IT Tech Park by the name Soorya Infratech park situated in Mudipu. Corporation Bank, Canara Bank and Vijaya Bank were the three nationalised banks established in Mangalore during the first half of the 20th century. Mangalore is the headquarters of Corporation Bank and Karnataka Bank. The Mangalore Catholic Co-operative Bank (MCC Bank) Ltd, Mangalore Cooperative Town Bank Ltd and SCDCC Bank were the scheduled banks established in Mangalore.

The leaf spring industry has its presence in Mangalore, with Canara Workshops Ltd. and Lamina Suspension Products Ltd. in the city. The Old Mangalore Port is a fishing port located at Bunder in Mangalore, where a large number of mechanised boats anchor. The traffic at this port was 122,000 tonnes during the years 2003–04. Fishing is a traditional occupation, and the products are exported to the surrounding regions.

Mangalorean firms have a major presence in the tile, beedi, coffee, and cashew nut industry, although the tile industry has declined due to concrete being preferred in modern construction. The Albuquerque tile factory in Mangalore is one of India’s oldest red roof tile manufacturing factories. The Ullal suburb of Mangalore produces hosiery and coir yarns, while beedi rolling is an important source of revenue to many in the city.


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Schools

Schools-
1. Manipal School
Address: Adjacent to KMC Dental College, Attavar Village, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575001
Phone: 0824 425 2305

2. Cambridge School
Address: Dakshina Kannada, Paldane Neermarga, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575029
Phone: 0824 227 2141

3. Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1
Address: PANAMBUR, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575010
Phone: 0824 240 7337

4. Lourdes Central School
Address: Mallikatte, Bejai, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575004
Phone: 0824 222 3366

5. Capitanio High School
Address: Capitanio School Road, Pumpwell, Kankandy Post, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575002
Phone: 0824 224 6932


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Colleges

Colleges-
1. St. Aloysius College
Address: Light House Hill Road, Hampankatta, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575003
Phone: 0824 244 9700

2. Canara College
Address: MG Rd, Kodailbail, Mangaluru,

Karnataka 575003
Phone: 0824 249 2366

3. Govindadasa College
Address: Hosabettu, Surathkal, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575014
Phone: 0824 240 6297

4. Manipal College of Dental Sciences
Address: Kasturba Medical College, Light House Hill Road, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575001
Phone: 0824 242 8716

5. Karavali College
Address: N.H. 17, Near Kottara Chowki Junction, Mangaluru, Karnataka 575013
Phone: 0824 245 5656


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Festivals

1. The Mangalore Dasara (Tulu: Marnemi) , is a festival in the Indian city of Mangalore organized by Kudroli Shri Gokarnanatheshwara Temple. It is also referred as Navarathri Festival, Vijayadashami. The tiger dance, lion dance and bear dance are the main attractions.The city is decorated with lights for the 10 days of the occasion.

2. Ganesh Chaturthi festival is celebrated every year by erecting statues, worshipping them and immersing them in water bodies.

3. Kodial Theru or Mangaluru Rathotsava (Mangalore Car Festival) is one of the major festivals of the GSB community, which celebrates the car festival of the Sri Venkatramana Temple.

4. Monti Fest is one of the major festivals of the Mangalorean Catholic community, celebrating the Nativity feast and the blessing of new crops. The Jain Milan, a committee of the Jain families of Mangalore, organise the Jain Food Festival annually with a view to bring together all the members of the Jain community.

5. Krishna Janmashtami, also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is an annual Hindu festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu. It is observed according to Hindu luni-solar calendar, on the eighth day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in the month of Shraavana of the Hindu Calendar, which overlaps with August and September of the Gregorian calendar.


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Places Around

1. Tannirbhavi Beach
Tannirbhavi beach is a beach in Mangalore, Karnataka, India. It can be reached either by land near Kuloor Bridge or by ferry via Gurupura river from Sultan Battery. Tannirbhavi is well connected by road, and easily reachable in own vehicle or a hired one.

Alternatively, you can take city bus (No. 16, 16A) from Statebank to Sultan Battery and take a Ferry ride across Gurupur river. After crossing the river with the ferry, you can find a way between trees and reach the beach.

2. Sultan Battery
Sultan Battery was built of black stones and constructed to obstruct war ships from entering the river which was the major route for English invasion but was then retrieved from English by Tipu Sultan. Though the place holds the watch tower, it looks like a fort with mounting places for cannons.

There is an underground storage area under the tower that was used to store gunpowder. It was the major dockyard and arsenal of the ruler. It was a naval station and was of great importance to the sultan as he used it to intercept enemy warships and prevent them from docking.

3. Ullal beach
Ullal Beach is situated on the southwestern seaboard of the Indian sub-continent, adjacent to Ullal town. Attractions are its picturesque stretch of Coconut trees, fishermen’s lane, the ruined fort of Abbakka Devi and 16th century Jain temples. A resort is also situated nearby.

The Dargah of Sayed Mohammed Shereful Madani, who is said to have come to Ullal from Madina 400 years ago, is a famous dargah located nearby.

4. Kadri Park
It is a nice hangout place/picnic spot for children, couples, young & old. There’s another park called Pilikula Nisargadhama in Vamanjur about 10 km from the city which is bigger in size. It’s the largest park within city limits of Mangalore. The park has beautifully laid garden and a toy train which is currently operational.

5. Kalikamba Temple
Sri Kalikamba Vinayaka Temple is located in Lower Car Street.
The temple is mainly revered by the Vishwakarma Brahmana community (people involved in the goldsmith, blacksmith, carpentry and architecture businesses).
The temple underwent major renovation the year 2000. The Garbhagrihas of Lord Ganesh and Goddess Kalikamba were rebuilt with granite.


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Transportation
Rail

Rail connectivity in Mangalore was established in 1907. Mangalore was also the starting point of India’s longest rail route. The city has two railway stations—Mangalore Central (at Hampankatta) and Mangalore Junction (at Kankanadi).

A railway track, built through the Western Ghats, connects Mangalore with Hassan.

The broad gauge track connecting Mangalore to Bangalore via Hassan was opened to freight traffic in May 2006 and passenger traffic in December 2007. Mangalore is also connected to Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, and Kollam through the Southern Railway and to Mumbai, Bhatkal, Karwar, Gujarat, Ajmer and Goa via the Konkan Railway.

Air

Mangaluru International Airport (IATA: IXE) is an international airport which is located near Bajpe / Kenjar, and is located about 13 kilometres (8 mi) north-east of the city centre. It operates regular scheduled flights to major cities in India and the Middle East. It is the second largest and second busiest airport in the state of Karnataka. The new terminals and runways at the airport accommodate both cargo and passenger requirements. State-run government buses Vajra Volvo ply between the city and the airport.

Major Roads

Five National Highways pass through Mangalore. NH-66 (previously known as NH-17), which runs from Panvel (in Maharashtra) to Kanyakumari (in Tamil Nadu), passes through Mangalore in a north–south direction and connects with Udupi, Bhatkal, Karwar, Goa, etc. in north and Kannur, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, etc. in the south while NH-75 (previously known as NH-48) runs eastward to Bangalore and Vellore. NH-169 (previously known as NH-13) runs north-east from Mangalore to Shimoga.[178] NH-73, a 315-km long National Highway connects Mangalore to Tumkur.[179] NH-275 also connects Mangalore with Bangalore via Mysore.


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Facts

1. India’s ninth largest cargo handling port, Panambur port is located 10kms north of Mangalore town.
2. The Sultan Battery in Mangalore, built in 1784 by Tipu Sultan to defend the city from enemy warships entering the Gurupura river.
3. Nightlong dance-drama performance known as Yakshagana. It is so dramatic, loud, interesting and colourful that there is zero chance of anyone falling asleep in between.

4. Mangaluru has two sister cities, both located in Canada, Hamilton, Ontario and Delta, British Columbia. Hamilton and Mangaluru became twin cities in 1968 and Delta is pretty recent sister starting in 2010.
5. Tulu & Kannada is the only languages of India where a Foreigner compiled dictionaries.
6. Mangalore is the only major city of Karnataka with Road, Rail, Airway (domestic and international) and a Sea port connectivity.

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Important Contacts Nos.

Police Control Room- 100
Fire Brigade- 101
Ambulance- 102

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