Historical Facts About Kashmir – Messyduniya

Historical Facts About Kashmir

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As we all know how beautiful the valleys of Kashmir are, India, China and Pakistan have been fighting over it for years now.
But, in the middle of this, lives of hundreds and thousands of innocents have been already claimed. How many more people should die to stop this war once and for all?
 
Let's look at the lesser-known facts about Kashmir.
 
 
 1. Bad kills

The separatist violence has killed more than 47,000 people, which does not include people who have disappeared due to the conflict. Some human rights groups and nongovernmental organizations put the death toll at twice that amount.
 
 
 2. Everyone wants it-

The Line of Control separating Indian- and Pakistani-controlled parts of Kashmir is 435 miles (700 km) long.
India and Pakistan have been fighting over Kashmir since both countries gained their independence in 1947.
 
 
 3. Pakistan Occupied Kashmir(PoK)

 

Pakistan-controlled: Three areas called Azad Kashmir, Gilgit and Baltistan make up the northern and western portions of the region, totaling about 35% of Kashmir.
 
4. China-controlled 
One area called Aksai Chin in the northeastern part of the region, equaling 20% of Kashmir.
 
5. It has two capitals-
Srinagar is the summer capital city in Jammu and Kashmir state. Jammu is the winter capital.
 
6. India and Pakistan gained independence from Great Britain. Kashmir initially decided to remain independent, choosing not to become a part of either Pakistan or India.
7. October 1947 -
After armed tribesmen from Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province invade Kashmir, Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Kashmir, signs a letter acceding to India. In exchange for handing key powers to the central government in New Delhi, Kashmir gains India's military protection.
Pakistan does not recognize this letter as a legal document. This begins India and Pakistan's first war over Kashmir.
 
8. January 1, 1949 -
India and Pakistan agree to withdraw all troops behind a mutually agreed ceasefire line, later known as the Line of Control.
9. July 1972 -

The Simla Agreement ends the fighting and establishes the Line of Control between Indian-controlled Kashmir and Pakistan-controlled Kashmir. The two sides continue to argue over the border.
 
10. April 4, 2016 -

Mehbooba Mufti is sworn in as the first female chief minister of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir.
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