1. Alexander the Great
Often known as the conqueror, Alexander succeeded King Philip of Macedonia. Alexander marched to India, he did annex a few parts of India but his army was intimidated by Dhanananda’s huge army which consisted of thousands of horses, elephants and well-trained soldiers.
That’s what prevented him from marching ahead of the Beas river. He returned to Babylon and died at the age of 33 years in 323 BC.
2. Oldest text ever written
Rig Veda, written during the age of the Aryans remains one of the world’s oldest text. It contains lyrics.
3. Introduction of Iron
Iron was introduced in India by the Aryans, another major contribution made by them. That is why the Aryan Era is also called the Iron Age.
Around 1700 BC a great invasion of Aryans moved into India from the Northwest. The Aryan invaders had brought iron weapons with them and had used them on their chariots at battle. Civilizations were destroyed by the Aryan invaders. Eventually the Aryan’s techniques and weapons extended across the ancient world causing the collapse of the Bronze Age.
4. Longest Epic
Mahabharata is the longest epic in the world, written by Ved Vyasa. It was compiled around 8th century BC. This epic poem has about one lakh couplets in Sanskrit and it can be considered as the longest epic poem of the world. This ancient epic deals with the rivalry between cousins – Kauravas and Pandavas – of a great ruling family of India . The armies of the two groups meet at the battleground at Kurushetra in which the Pandavas can destroy the Kauravas. The holy book of Hindus, the Bhagavad Gita is an excerpt taken from the Mahabharata.
5. Oldest Epic
Ramayana written by Valmiki is one of the oldest epics of the world. It is read in many countries throughout the world like Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia.
The Indonesian version of Ramayana is called ‘kakaw’.
6. Shortest war
The Anglo-Zanzibar war of 1896 is the shortest war on record lasting an exhausting 38 minutes.
7. Albert Einstein
He was offered the role of Israel’s second President in 1952 but declined.
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